The Future of HVAC Conference 2018 is the leading conference for HVAC&R professionals and related industry experts, and will be held in Melbourne from September 12–13.

The Future of HVAC Conference was conceived as a vehicle to involve those who have an interest in where the HVAC industry is heading.

It now attracts a broad range of stakeholders beyond mechanical engineering consultants and contractors. Participants include ESD professionals, architects, tenants, building developers and investors, regulators, researchers, product and technology professionals, service providers, property and facility managers, educators and trainers, energy suppliers, workplace designers and more.

The HVAC&R industry impacts many people in a myriad of ways.

If you are interested in the future of HVAC&R, networking with the industry’s influencers, and providing expert opinion, the Future of HVAC 2018 is a must-attend event.

The conference committee is now calling for abstracts on an array of subjects, including but not limited to:

  • Advances in building and HVAC design
  • Innovations in HVAC equipment
  • HVAC and energy management
  • HVAC ownership, operation and management
  • Changes in national and international regulations – heading towards net-zero
  • HVAC industry education, training and innovation
  • HVAC research
  • Case studies in HVAC design installation and maintenance
  • Changes in building use – agile working environments and flexible workplaces
  • Suggestions for a site visit or masterclass.

For the full list of abstract subjects and for abstract submission details, please click here.

Abstracts should be emailed to AIRAH’s Conference and Events Coordinator by Friday, March 16, 2018.

Click here for more information about The Future of HVAC 2018 Conference, or contact the Conference and Events Coordinator.

The ASA 2018 Conference- Engaging Architectural Science: Meeting the Challenges of Higher Density is being hosted by the Sustainable Building Innovation Lab (SBi Lab), School of Property, Construction and Project Management, RMIT University, Australia. The Conference invites architectural science and design researchers, educators, students, as well as practitioners and policymakers to present and exchange ideas that will contribute to the betterment of our environment. Please visit our website for more information: https://www.asa2018conference.com/

Call for abstract:

We invite submission of abstract of about 400 words addressing the conference themes:

  • Architecture and environment
  • Urban design
  • Outdoor environments and cities
  • Construction: Materials and technology; Modes of production and mass customization
  • Building Science: Thermal comfort; Acoustics; and lighting
  • Building and Energy
  • Digital architecture; Building and city information modelling; Building simulation, prediction and evaluation
  • Practice-based and interdisciplinary design and research
  • Design education and research
  • History and theory in architectural science

All papers will be double, blind refereed. The abstracts can only be submitted online by 31 March 2018. You can easily accept our invitation and start the process to register for participation by clicking on the following link: https://www.asa2018conference.com/register. Please contact us at asa2018@rmit.edu.au, for more information and queries.

The School of Property, Construction and Project Management is looking forward to welcome you in Melbourne!

A/Prof Priya Rajagopalan, RMIT University
52nd International Conference of the Architectural Science Association (ANZAScA)
https://www.conftool.net/asa2018/
https://www.asa2018conference.com/

Update! Brisbane viewing party added – to watch the Melbourne seminar via live video stream click here to register. Please note we need at least 5 people to run this viewing party.

The 2018 seminar series starts with Jonathan, Myla, Neil & Warwick. This is a great opportunity to network with like minded people and expand your mind! Light refreshments will be provided, courtesy of RMIT.

Guest Speakers and Presentations:

Energy simulation of an aquatic centre
Jean Jonathan Duverge, RMIT University
Jonathan will share his experience in using EnergyPlus to model and validate the complex interaction between air and water (evaporation) occurring within a swimming pool hall.

 

 

Built environment simulation as approach to teaching building science
Mary Myla Andamon, RMIT University
Myla will present on the experiences and lessons learned in teaching a course in built environment simulation within a postgraduate program specialising in building performance.

 

 

Advances in CFD modelling for data centre optimisation
Neil Silke, Data Centre CFD and Warwick Stannus, A.G. Coombs
CFD is increasingly becoming an essential component in the design of data centres. Neil and Warwick will detail a number of modelling techniques developed to respond to these demands on a recent project involving high density racks and stringent resilience requirements.

 

 

Event Details:
Date 15 February 2018
Time 5:30pm (6pm start) – 8 pm
Venue RMIT Building 80 (Swanston Academic Building)
Level 2, Room 2
445 Swanston St
Melbourne, VIC 3000

Register Now

Each year the IBPSA Australasia board organises a Seminar Series to promote knowledge sharing within the building simulation community. Informing and educating members and the public on the value and state-of-the-art of building performance simulation is one of IBPSA’s main aims.

In 2017, several informal seminar events were held in Brisbane, Melbourne, and Sydney. In addition, IBPSA Australasia co-hosted a two-day conference with AIRAH on Building Simulation in Melbourne, attracting over 90 attendees from national and international locations. Membership is not required to attend events, however attendance fees vary by event type.

Our past events have successfully increased engagement within the local building simulation community, however we think we can do more! We are looking to expand our reach in 2018 by organising more seminars and by providing webinar options in the future.

Event Description
For each seminar, 2-3 speakers from the community (engineers, architects, academics) are invited to present for 15-20 minutes each to an interested and engaged audience. Following the presentations, there is time for networking. Each event usually runs 2-2.5 hours, takes place midweek after close of business, and typically attracts 30-50 attendees.

Host organisations have the opportunity to suggest speakers, and are asked to provide an appropriate space, seating, necessary AV equipment (e.g. projector, microphone, internet connection), and light refreshments.

IBPSA Australasia takes full responsibility for organising speakers, inviting attendees, and advertisement of the event. Of course, we are more than happy for you to promote through your own networks as well!

We only charge for attendance to recoup costs associated with hosting and organising the event, using the following pricing structure:

  • Host organisation provides venue only: $25 per ticket (main host receives one free ticket)
  • Host organisation provides venue and refreshments: $10 per ticket (all members of host organisation attend for free)

Dates for 2018 seminars are currently available.

Please get in touch with Priya Gandhi (priya.gandhi@umowlai.com.au) if you are interested in hosting an event at your organisation!

It can be argued that industry’s use of computer simulation has not kept up with the potential contribution this technology can make to the design and construction of buildings.

We use the visionary South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute (SAHMRI) building as a case study of how dynamic thermal simulation (energy modelling) and daylight simulation methods can be optimally applied to enhance the environmental performance of a new building.

Computer simulation of a building’s environmental performance typically embraces three related but separate applications:

  • Dynamic thermal simulation of a building is the assessment of heat flows, internal thermal loads, and solar loads throughout a building to calculate achieved space temperatures and energy use
  • Daylight simulation refers to the calculation of daylight levels under typical conditions experienced at the site. Increasingly, the technique is being used to understand the risk of glare occurring for particular built-forms and facade properties
  • Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) calculates airflow and temperature patterns within individual spaces or in the surrounding external environment. While CFD is frequently used to demonstrate and improve building performance, the extensive wide-ranging capabilities of this tool are not discussed in this article.

How the potential of building performance simulation can be missed

Simulation is most commonly used for National Construction Code (NCC) and sustainable rating tool compliance.

In theory, simulations of this type can provide significant value to projects by freeing the designer from the constraints of Deemed-to-Satisfy (DtS) processes within codes and standards.

In practice, much of this potential value is lost because the analyses are undertaken well after the major design decisions have been made. The work becomes merely a validation of existing design rather than a tool for innovation or optimisation and fails to capture the full value of simulation.

Optimum use of simulation

The best value is obtained from simulation when it is used to inform all stages of building design and construction from concept through to post-construction.

The largest opportunity for built-environment designers is to use simulation to compare design decisions and opportunities during concept design. This requires buy-in from the whole design team, not just architects, in order to reach a common optimised goal.

Preliminary analyses can be used to inform key design decisions e.g:

  • Building siting, massing, layout and orientation for energy, daylight and external wind flows
  • Glazing size, shading and type for energy and daylight
  • Comparing different HVAC systems or central plant types for relative energy efficiency
  • Performance goal setting (e.g. NABERS, Green Star, Net Zero) or preliminary feasibility assessment

There are many software tools that can be used in early modelling.

According to a paper co-authored by Aurecon’s Quentin Jackson, there’s a wide range of opportunities for the use of simulation throughout the design and construction process.

Figure 1: Opportunities for the use of simulation throughout the design and construction process

Design Development – optimising systems

In design development, simulation has a myriad of uses informing the decisions of architects and engineers. Key opportunities include:

  • Detailed development and testing of glazing and shading design
  • Optimising insulation
  • Space design for daylight optimization
  • Right-sizing of mechanical plant
  • Design of more complex mechanical airflows
  • Natural ventilation through buildings
  • Testing efficiency options such as alternative mechanical systems and heat recovery
  • Optimising central plant sizing
There is extensive use of rule-of-thumb and spreadsheet calculations for preliminary equipment sizing. Such methods tend to routinely oversize plant items, causing unnecessary capital costs and poorer efficiency. The additional costs typically far outweigh the costs of simulation. Timely use of building simulation can also highlight other issues before design is finalised, saving time and money as well as optimising building performance.

Construction Documentation – optimising controls, documenting anticipated results

In construction documentation, the opportunities for changing design have largely passed, but simulation can still continue to add value through:

  • Testing and optimising control ‒ The energy efficiency and comfort of modern buildings is highly dependent upon control
  • Testing the full design against project goals ‒ The construction documentation phase is the last chance to simulate performance versus project goals. Late-stage design adjustments can be made
  • Testing compliance ‒ Many buildings will have NABERSGreen Star or NCC JV3 compliance requirements. Simulation models are needed to ensure that the final design delivers the required outcomes

Post-construction – verifying results

The use of simulation in post-construction performance verification is increasing, providing opportunities for improvement in control commissioning, tuning and modelling.

Case Study: SAHMRI

SAHMRI collaborated with Aurecon to complete the facade showing hood geometry. Photo by Peter Clarke.

Figure 2: SAHMRI completed facade showing hood geometry

Background

Although still not commonplace, a performance-based approach to simulation in the early building design stage can have impressive results. SAHMRI, and in particular its striking facade solution, is a product of performance-based design that balanced aesthetics, cost, and buildability, as well as environmental variables such as solar control, daylight availability, glare and thermal comfort.

SAHMRI is a 25 000 m2 research facility. Its design team included Woods Bagot, Atelier Ten, Cundall, NDY and Aurecon.

Key to the success of the design was developing quantifiable performance metrics upfront to allow robust testing of options between the environmental design consultant, Atelier Ten, and architect, Woods Bagot.

Fig 3 summarises the metrics and outcomes that could be impacted by the facade alone:

In a paper co-authored by Quentin Jackson from Aurecon, facades can have several impacts on building performance.

Figure 3: Impact of facade on building performance

Space versus energy planning

The first step of the facade optimisation process was to assess which space type required access to daylight and which spaces lent themselves to opaque elements. With the three-dimensionally curved form of the building and significant facade structural spans across multistorey atria, a triangular grid-shell solution was selected as the most appropriate facade system. Nine variations of exterior shading devices were simulated.

Regardless of the space type selected to sit behind a particular piece of facade, limiting direct solar gains was crucial in reducing HVAC plant size, energy consumption, risk of glare and improving thermal comfort.

However, the value of the simulation was in freeing the designers to select an external shading strategy optimised for cost and buildability rather than purely for energy savings.

Key comfort factor

With the facade significantly affecting thermal comfort, daylight and glare – the performance discussion focused on making an attractive, healthy workplace ‒ the Wellness factor for the occupants of this visionary building.

General comments on simulation

  • Quality assurance
    The phrase ‘garbage in, garbage out’ is as relevant to building simulation as to any other form of computing. The temptation is also ever present to accept results at face value leading to mistakes reticulating through to the final results without question.
  • Timing
    Time needed to create a simulation model varies widely. Some software tools, especially those designed for use during concept design, can provide peak load and energy consumption results instantaneously, once a 3D model has been created or imported; whereas a fully-detailed thermal simulation of a detailed design can take much longer. Once the base model is produced, design refinements and operational scenarios are typically quite easy and quick to produce.

Conclusions

Computer simulation gives design teams the opportunity to test building performance during the design process through to post construction. Correctly used, a simulation can return many times its cost to a project. However, often simulation is used purely for compliance with NCC JV3, Green Star or NABERS; this undervalues the simulation and wastes much of its value potential to a project.

Design teams should use simulation as an integral part of the design process to enable better design decisions to be made throughout the entire construction process.

This article is an abridged version of the original paper published in Environment Design Guide – EDG 91 NP October 2017. Reproduced with permission from The Australian Institute of Architects.

About the authors

Nicki Parker
Nicki has recently taken up the position of Norman Disney & Young’s Sustainability Manager for Brisbane after an 11 year career in building physics and sustainability.

Quentin Jackson
Quentin is an Environmental Modelling and Sustainable Design specialist and leads Aurecon’s Sustainability team in Queensland.

Dr Paul Bannister
Dr Paul Bannister is Director of Innovation and Sustainability at Energy Action. He is an internationally recognised authority on energy efficiency in commercial buildings and is the primary technical author of the NABERS Energy and Water ratings systems.

Paul Stoller
Managing Director of Atelier Ten’s Australia offices, Paul Stoller is recognised for environmental planning and design consulting work on large-scale campus, community and urban building projects.